Project Description

Study title: Glasgow Coma Score Predicting the Poor Outcome of the Patients Presenting Fever with Altered Sensorium

Author: Mahmood et al.


To assess the role of the Glasgow Comma Score (GCS) for predicting the outcome of the patient with fever and altered sensorium was the objective of the study. This prospective observational study was conducted for six months following ethical approval. Informed consent was obtained prior enrollment. A total of 50 patients with complaints of fever for <2 weeks duration with altered sensorium with or without seizure were included in the study. GCS was calculated for all patients just after admission and before starting interventions. All patients were investigated and managed according to the hospital protocol. The outcome of the patients (living or dead within the hospital) was evaluated against the admission GCS score. The study was performed in accordance with the current Declaration of Helsinki. Of all, 42.0% (n=21) of the patients had bacterial meningitis, followed by viral encephalitis, cerebral malaria and coma vigil. Complete recovery occurred in 60.0% of cases, while recovery with disability occurred in 28.0% of cases. Death occurred in 12.0% of cases (n=6) due to cerebral malaria, viral encephalitis and bacterial meningitis (n=2 each cause). A higher number of deaths occurred in the lower GCS group (n=5 in GCS group 3-5) and this difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). Moreover, considering death as an outcome, multivariate logistic regression showed that GCS (OR 70.598, 95% CI-1.243-4009.41; p=0.039) was an independent predictor of the outcome. GCS seemed to be a predictor of the short-term outcome of the patient presenting with fever and altered sensorium in our setting. However, further exploration in larger setting with appropriate study design is recommended.

Status: Completed and published

Abstract link:

Keywords: Glasgow Coma Score (GCS), Fever, Altered sensorium, Bacterial meningitis, Outcome prediction